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Legal & Privacy

The FDH Lawyers website is designed to supply summaries of recent legislative or other initiatives of interest and some commentary.  All content and comments provided are, of necessity, brief and are not intended to be relied upon as legal advice.  Articles on the website are current as of their original date of publication.   We encourage you to contact any of the lawyers listed for further details or advice in the context of a particular situation.

FDH Lawyers recognizes the importance of confidentiality and the protection of personal information.  This privacy policy explains how we use and protect, on a Canada-wide basis, personal information we hold, whether it relates to our clients, potential clients, staff, job candidates, partners, former associates or partners, consultants or third party service providers.

What is personal information?
Personal information means information about an identifiable individual or information that permits an individual to be identified.  It does not include business contact information, such as name, title, business address and business telephone number when used for business communications.

Our commitment
FDH Lawyers takes responsibility for maintaining and protecting the personal information under our control.  We can be contacted directly by the public.  We review this policy and our personal data protection practices on an annual basis to ensure that we are in compliance with applicable legislation and current best practices. 

How we collect, use and disclose personal information
We only collect personal information as required to meet the purposes that we have identified.  We do not indiscriminately collect or retain information.

FDH Lawyers typically collects personal information that is voluntarily provided by the individual in question.  At times, however, personal information is obtained from other sources, such as government bodies or third parties such as employers, references and service providers, as permitted by law.   Where the purpose for the collection of personal information is unclear, you can ask the FDH Lawyers representative with whom you are dealing to provide an explanation of the purpose for the data collection.

Our reason for collecting personal information about job candidates, staff, partners and consultants is to establish and maintain the employment, contractual or partnership relationship. 

The purposes for collecting personal information about our clients and prospective clients is primarily to provide legal services and representation, to maintain client relationships, communicate with our clients, maintain mailing lists and avoid conflicts of interest. 

As appropriate, FDH Lawyers will ask for specific consent to collect, use and disclose personal information.  This may be in writing or orally.  In some cases, consent can be implied through an individual relationship or conduct with us, depending on the sensitivity of the information.

Personal information supplied to us is confidential and we do not disclose the information to any third party except with actual or implied consent, or as permitted or required by law.  We do not exchange or sell personal information.

Our use and disclosure of all information with respect to client matters (including personal information) is also subject to our professional obligation of confidentiality and to the requirements of solicitor-client privilege.

FDH Lawyers uses third party service providers from time to time to carry out certain functions for us such as printing, storage, shredding or document scanning.  Where we use outside service providers, we require the third party to protect personal information in the same manner in which we protect it and to not use or disclose it for any purposes except as directed by the firm.

Protecting your personal information
We strive to maintain personal information in as accurate, complete and up-to-date a form as necessary to fulfill the purposes for which it was collected.  We protect personal information by security safeguards appropriate to the sensitivity of the personal information, regardless of format.  Our security safeguards include premises security and restricted access to files containing personal information.  Depending upon the information under our control, we also use technological safeguards such as security software and firewalls to prevent hacking or unauthorized computer access, internal passwords and security policies. 

Our website
Our website uses cookies, which are identifying technologies that your computer receives when you visit certain websites. We do not match or correlate this information with any personal information that you submit to FDH Lawyers. Most browsers can be set to reject all cookies but features of our website may not work as intended if that option is chosen. We use permanent cookies for language preference purposes and to analyze website usage. We use temporary (session based) cookies to improve performance and to determine web trends. Temporary cookies disappear when you close your browser window.

Accessing your personal information
You may write to us to request access to personal information about you.  FDH Lawyers will generally inform you if we are holding personal information about you, as well as details about the personal information.  We reserve the right to confirm your identity before complying with any access request.  In responding to an access request, we may charge a reasonable copying or retrieval fee, the amount of which we will provide in advance.  Access to personal information may be denied if required or authorized by law, including in accordance with the requirements of client confidentiality or solicitor-client privilege.  If the request for access is denied, FDH Lawyers will provide an explanation of the reasons for the refusal. 

If you choose to withdraw your consent to continued collection, use or retention of your personal information, we will explain the consequences of such withdrawal.

You may also challenge the accuracy of personal information about you in our custody and FDH Lawyers will amend personal information where appropriate.

How to contact us
If you wish to request access to personal information about you, request a correction to information about you or have questions about our privacy policy, you may contact ua as follows:


FDH Lawyers reviews this privacy policy on an annual basis and will post the revised or updated policy from time to time as required.  This policy was last updated on March 23, 2022.


FDH Lawyers Client Service Terms

Thank you for choosing FDH Lawyers henceforth referred to as “we” to represent you.  We value our relationship with you.  Subject to other terms that you and we may agree to, the following service terms apply to all of our engagements with you.

Client Service Team

In serving you, we draw on the firm’s resources needed to handle your matter effectively.  As appropriate, we involve different lawyers and other professionals to address particular aspects of your matter.  Our team of professionals includes law clerks, law students, research librarians, and technical specialists.

Our Client

If you are an organization, our representing you on a matter does not include representing related persons or entities, such as a corporation’s shareholders, directors, officers, parent, subsidiaries or affiliates; the partners of a partnership; or the members of a joint venture, trade association, or other organization.  In acting for you, we neither act for nor take on any responsibilities, obligations or duties to any of your related persons or entities and no lawyer-client or other fiduciary relationship exists between us and any of your related persons or entities.


As your legal counsel, we will neither misuse your confidential information, nor disclose it unless applicable law or our professional and ethical obligations so require.  Because we owe this duty to all of our clients, we will not disclose to you confidential information we hold for others even where that confidential information would be relevant to our representing you.  Likewise, we will not disclose to others your confidential information even where that confidential information may be relevant to our representing them.

Client Identification and Verification

The laws in all jurisdictions we practice in require our compliance with Client Identification and Verification rules to support domestic and international anti money-laundering and terrorist activity initiatives.  The laws require us to obtain certain information about our clients and, in certain financial transactions, to verify our client’s identity.  The rules apply to our direct clients and any individuals who instruct us on our clients’ behalf.


In the course of acting for you, we may collect and you may give us personal information subject to privacy protection laws.  On your behalf, we will collect, use, and disclose that personal information only to provide our services to you and in accordance with our Privacy Policy (as posted on our website).


We have many clients who rely on us in a range of general and particular matters.  We will not act for clients in matters that create a conflicting interest with your matter unless you consent.  In retaining us, you do consent and agree to our representing clients in unrelated matters that may be adverse to your interests and representing others engaged in business activities that may compete with yours in unrelated matters.  You also consent to our representing the adverse parties in your matter on other matters as long as those matters are not related to your matter and we protect your confidential information.

You understand that when you no longer are our client, we may represent other clients in matters adverse to your interests as long as those matters are not the same as or related to the matter we previously represented you in or we protect your relevant confidential information. We recommend that you seek advice from independent legal counsel if you have any questions concerning the implications of your consent to this paragraph.

Electronic Communications

While we are representing you, we will exchange electronic versions of documents and e-mails with you using commercially available software.  Unfortunately, the available technology is vulnerable to attack by viruses and other destructive electronic programs. Although we take countermeasures, our system occasionally may reject a communication from you and your system may reject a communication we have sent you.  We cannot guarantee that all communications and documents will be received or virus-free. We make no warranty regarding any electronic communications between us, including the security of the communications.  Understanding the above, you consent to our exchanging electronic communications with you, including unencrypted confidential information.


In some cases, we would be pleased to provide an estimate of legal fees, costs, and expenses that we anticipate incurring in your matter and to update our estimates as your matter progresses.  Given the difficulty in predicting the amount of time a matter may require, any estimates we give are only approximations and our actual fees, costs, and expenses may vary significantly from the estimate.  Estimates are based on the circumstances as we understand them at the time and assumptions about events that will affect the scope and nature of our work. In all cases, the fee arrangement specified in our Retainer Letter and these Standard Client Service Terms take precedence.

Hourly Rates

Please understand that we periodically change our rates to reflect changes such as, for instance, increased costs and our professionals’ increased experience and abilities. If our rates change before your matter is completed, our new rates will apply to the balance of our engagement.

Costs and Expenses

Our legal fees do not include costs and expenses that we incur in connection with your matter. We bill you for the costs and expenses associated with your matter in addition to our fees for legal services. Costs and expenses typically include charges for, among others, long distance telephone calls, messengers, couriers, express delivery, postage, computer research, word-processing, printing and reproduction, administrative staff overtime, facsimile transmissions, travel, filing, court reporters for examinations, transcripts, witnesses, and service of legal process.

Costs and expenses incurred in-house are billed at an amount intended to cover our direct costs and associated overhead. When instead we obtain these and other services directly from outside suppliers, we bill you the amount we are billed.  When the amounts charged for these services are significant, we may forward the invoices from these outside suppliers directly to you and you will be responsible for paying the suppliers’ invoices directly.

In some matters, we need to engage outside experts – such as accountants, economists, appraisers, and investigators – to help in your matter. We also may need to retain lawyers and others as agents in other jurisdictions. The fees, costs, and expenses of any lawyers and agents in other jurisdictions and experts retained on your matter are not included in our legal fees and you are responsible for paying them, ordinarily directly to those individuals.


We send you our statements of account for fees, costs, and expenses monthly (unless otherwise agreed) and when your matter is closed. These statements describe the work we have performed and costs and expenses incurred in your matter. You agree to pay our accounts when you receive them. We charge interest at the rate indicated on the bill on amounts outstanding more than 30 days. You acknowledge that our continued work on your matter is contingent on your paying of our statements of account on time.


You may terminate our engagement for any reason before we complete your matter by notifying us in writing. When you end our engagement, all unpaid legal fees and disbursements will become due and payable to us.  Subject to our professional and ethical obligations, we may terminate our engagement before we complete your matter for any reason, including a conflict of interest that has arisen or your failure to pay our legal fees or disbursements. After our engagement ends, we may include you in general mailings and send you information on legal developments for free; our doing so does not change the fact that our engagement has ended.

Retention and Destruction of Files

We retain and destroy your files in accordance with our internal Records Retention and Destruction Policy unless required to do otherwise by statute or express agreement with you.

Governing Law

Our engagement with you is governed by the laws of the province of the office where the partner primarily responsible for your matter is located and the federal laws of Canada. Any dispute between us will be dealt with exclusively in the courts of that province.


FDH Lawyers is a registered Limited Liability Partnership established under the laws of Ontario

LAST REVISED: March 22, 2022